A DIET TO LOWER BLOOD CHOLESTEROL
Normal,]Your doctor has recommended a diet for your child which is designed to lower blood cholesterol. Decreasing the amount of cholesterol and saturated fat that your child eats can lower his or her blood cholesterol and, hopefully, lower risk of cardiovascular disease in later life. The recommendations made below will require some changes in what your child eats and how it is prepared. To insure your child's compliance with these recommendations, it is essential that meals for the whole family be prepared according to these guidelines. This way your child will not feel singled out. Careful adherence to this plan at home will help balance the inevitable intake of less desirable foods outside the home. Following these recommendations will result in a diet lower in cholesterol and saturated fat:
Eat fish, shellfish and more poultry more frequently.
Trim visible fat from meats and poultry before and after cooking. Use only lean cuts of meat.
Bake, broil or grill rather than fry.
Limit egg yolks to 2 per week. This includes egg used in food prep.(Egg whites are not limited.)
Offer skim or 1% low fat dairy products.
Substitute tub margarine for butter.
Read food labels carefully:
Look carefully at the kinds of fats and oils used in a product. Avoid those products that contain saturated fats such as coconut oil, palm oil, palm kernel oil,lard and butter. If a product contains"vegetable shortening" but does not
disclose the oil(s)it was made from, you must assume it is saturated fat. Don't believe that "cholesterol free" on the label means it's
good for your child's diet. Many products with no cholesterol contain large amounts of saturated fat.Acceptable oils include: safflower,sunflower,corn,soybean,
cottonseed,canola,olive, and peanut.
Offer fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds(age 3 and above)as snacks
FOOD -------- SUGGESTED SUBSTITION
Milk: whole or 2% ..... Skim milk or 1% low fat
Whole milk yogurt ...... Non-fat or low fat yogurt
Cream .,,,,,..,, Evaporated skim milk
Sour cream ......... Non-fat or low fat yogurt
Whipped cream- ..... Whipped evaporated skim milk
Cheese ........... Limited amounts of part skim cheese
than 5 grams
fat per1 oz.wt.
Non-dairy ........ Whipped evaporated skim milk or
whipped topping free
of coconut oil
palm kernel oil
Bacon ......... Lean ham
Salt pork ......... Lean ham
Fried foods ........ Baked, broiled or grilled foods
Sausage, salami, ..... Lean meats, skinless poultry,
Luncheon meats .... Lean sliced meats such as turkey, turkey
Frankfurters ....... Chicken or turkey frankfurters
Pasta with cheese . ... Pasta with marinara sauce and lean
meat, no cheese
Pizza ......... Blot oil, limit portion size and frequency
Poultry ........ Skinless poultry
Chocolate candy .... Diet candy or apple
Pie, pastry ...... Fresh fruit or home prepared pie or
pastry from appropriate
Cookies, crackers .. low fat low calorie (limited amount)
Read labels carefully
and select only
limit portions **
Snack chips ... Pretzels or fat free popcorn
Ice cream .... Ice milk, low fat frozen yogurt,
fruit ices(low fat)
and french toast- .. Prepare egg whites or eggs (broiled)
Fried foods .... Select a plain burger and juice, or
only low fat salad dressings